The energy industry is lagging other sectors on the race to adopt digital technology, but increases in capital investment are pushing digital transformation now more than ever, industry analysts told Petrochemical Update.
IFS, a global enterprise applications company, recently conducted a Digital Change Survey that polled 750 decision makers in 16 countries to assess maturity of digital transformation in sectors such as manufacturing, oil and gas, aviation, construction and contracting, and service. The oil and gas industry, which includes the downstream petrochemical sector, was at the bottom of the list.
There are 474 active upstream projects worth $213 billion in the U.S. and Canada, and another 723 active refining-related projects worth $80.5 billion in North America, according to Industrial Info. “Executives need to have an intimate knowledge about the digitization and how it will transform their business, rather they want it or not,” said Trond Ellefsen, Special Advisor Digital Transformation and Strategy at Statoil. Ellefsen was speaking on an Upstream Intelligence webinar. “This is where we are headed. This is not just a technology journey. This is foremost a cultural change toward something completely different than what it is today. The world will look completely different to the oil and gas industry in five to seven years,” Ellefsen said. From manual to digital Wildly successful technology companies including Uber and social media sites like Twitter and Facebook have found success over the last decade and changed consumer behavior even by implementing digital transformation programs and making them part of their overall strategy. But the petrochemical and oil sectors fell behind as the industry wrestled with volatile oil prices, decreases in productivity and changing labor demographics, and could benefit strongly from implementing a digital transformation program, according to industry executives. Digital transformation at its core allows organizations to tackle disruptive changes such as marketplace fluctuation by designing new products, services, and business models leveraging digitalization. So changes in production, oil prices and investment are the perfect time to dive in, anaylsts explained. “Up until 2008-2010 timeframe, it was adequate to say that incremental baby steps were sufficient to go forward,” Ellefsen said. “Now because of the crash in the oil price, we have been left behind by the rest of the industry even more.” The oil and petrochemical industry has for years relied on manual processes for things such as equipment installation, repairs, logistics, maintenance, waste disposal. The problems make their way all the way to distribution where terminals are running 20-30-year-old software and running paper bill of ladens. Customers end up with accuracy issues and confusion over deliveries. “The next generation of really successful companies will be those that manifest their intellectual property in digital form and take advantage of the transformation opportunities that exist for them,” said David Holmes, CTO Energy for DellEMC. A different digital approach “If you look at Uber, Facebook, LinkedIn, AirBnB, etc, these are technology platforms where the customer creates, consumes and shares the information and the ability to connect from any device anywhere is the actual technology shift going on,” said Terry Price, Industry and Technology Thought Leader at IBM. The energy industry is different in that the information is created and maintained by the operator and most often kept in silos, often unused. Therefore, in the case of oil, gas and petrochemicals, the customer is not interacting with the information or working with the supply chain in the same way disruptive technology does. “What we are finding is that the executive is driving digital transformation and in many cases, this is based on improvements in disruptive technology,” Price said. “Then this directive is pushed down to the business where people are trying to align the new ways of thinking to traditional programs and thinking.” In practice Some companies in the energy industry have taken incremental steps to push digital transformation while others have a huge executive led initiative. Leading EPC firm Bechtel has created a data analytics team, hiring data scientists to mine the company's growing datasets. Data analytics, along with the deployment of the latest handheld devices and 4D and 5D modelling, has improved decision-making in areas such as piping productivity and staff logistics, Joe Thompson, Senior Vice President, General Manager – Downstream & Chemicals, Bechtel Oil, Gas & Chemicals said.. Microsoft and Halliburton are entering into a strategic alliance to drive digital transformation across the oil and gas industry. The relationship will combine Microsoft's expertise in cloud and digital transformation with Halliburton's exploration and production (E&P) science, software and services. Oil price factor Volatile oil prices may have hindered investment previously, but are motivating the industry to get moving on digital technology now, according to analysts. “Just a few years ago when oil prices fell off the cliff, most people were just praying for prices to come up rather than taking a real stand on digitization or changing the foundational elements of their business,” Ellefsen said.
“While some companies are still praying for oil prices to return, other companies are taking a different approach. They are looking at technological capabilities that we did not have just a few years ago. These can bring tremendous value,” Ellefsen added. “The industry can no longer disregard the reality that we are going toward a digital world,” he added.
By Heather Doyle